By | January 1, 2018
Vim Shortcut Keys

Linux – Vim Shortcut Keys

Vim Shortcut Keys for Linux

h – Move left
j – Move down
k – Move up
l – Move right
w – Jump by start of words
W – Jump by words
e – Jump to end of words
E – Jump to end of words (no punctuation)
b – Jump backward by words (punctuation considered words)
B – Jump backward by words (no punctuation)
0 – Start of line
^ – First non-blank character of line
$ – End of line
G – Go To command (prefix with number)
i – Start insert mode at cursor
I – Insert at the beginning of the line
a – Append after the cursor
A – Append at the end of the line
o – Open (append) blank line below current line (no need to press return)
O – Open blank line above current line
ea – Append at end word
Esc – Exit insert mode
r – Replace a single character (does not use insert mode)
J – Join line below to the current one
cc – Change (replace) an entire line
cw – Change (replace) to the end of word
c$ – Change (replace) to the end of line
s – Delete character at cursor and subsitute text
S – Delete line at cursor and substitute text (same as cc)
xp – Transpose two letters (delete and paste, technically)
u – Undo
. – Repeat last command
v – Start visual mode, mark lines, then do command (such as y-yank)
V – Start Linewise visual mode
o – Move to other end of marked area
Ctrl+v – Start visual block mode
O – Move to other corner of block
aw – Mark a word
ab – A () block (with braces)
aB – A {} block (with brackets)
ib – Inner () block
iB – Inner {} block
Esc – Exit visual mode
> – Shift right
< – Shift left
y – yank (copy)marked text
d – Delete marked text
~ – Switch case
yy – Yank (copy) a line
2yy – Yank 2 lines
yw – Yank word
y$ – Yank to end of line
p – Put (paste) the clipboard after cursor
P – Put (paste) before cursor
dd – Delete (cut) a line
dw – Delete (cut) the current word
x – Delete (cut) current character
:w – Write (save) the file, but don’t exit
:wq – Write (save) and quit
:q – Quit (fails if anything has changed)
:q! – Quit and throw away changes
/pattern – Search for pattern
?patten – Search backward for pattern
n – Repeat search in same direction
N – Repeat search in opposite direction
:%s/old/new/g – Replace all old with new throughout file
:%s/old/new/gc – Replace all old with new throughout file with confirmations

:e filename – Edit a file in a new buffer
:bnext – Go to next buffer
:bprev – Go to previous buffer
:bd – Delete a buffer (close a file)
:sp filename – Open a file in a new buffer and split window
Ctrl+ws – Split windows
Ctrl+ww – Switch between windows
Ctrl+wq – Quit a window
Ctrl+wv – Split windows vertically

Linux – Vim Shortcut Keys PDF

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